Types of Spices and Benefits You Need To Know About

You Since time immemorial, spices have been used to flavor, preserve, and enhance food. Currently, research shows that spices can also contribute to a healthy diet. Learn more about spices, types of spices, and the benefits of spices.

Spices have been used for centuries around the globe. Ancient cultures used spices to season food and add to its taste and complexity. Spices are aromatic flavorings that come from seeds, fruits, bark, rhizomes, and other parts of plants. Since the dawn of civilization spices form a part of medicines, dyes, and perfumes, as well as to season and preserve food. Many spices possess antimicrobial properties. Though spices come in dried form, their flavor won’t last forever; the light and air will cause the flavors to fade over time. 

We use a variety of spices in our daily cooking, including cumin, black pepper, turmeric, and coriander seeds.  This article examines the benefits of spices and also enumerates the common spices in use across the world.

History of Spices

Herbs and spices are used historically for their health benefits. Besides masking unpleasant tastes and odors of foods, they helped to keep food fresh, as well. Cultures in ancient times did not differentiate between spices and herbs for flavoring and those that helped in healing. 

Throughout biblical times, spices were used for numerous purposes, from religious offerings to burial rituals to medications and trade to seasoning. The Bible has numerous references to spices. For thousands of years, Indians have been using spices and herbs for both health and culinary purposes. One could find many indigenous Indian spices in the gardens of Babylon as far back as the 8th century BC.

Health Benefits of Spices

Spices have varied uses. They are beneficial for health; in fact, traditional Indian food is one of the healthiest meals around the world because it contains many spices. Several cooking spices have nutritional advantages and are healthy.

Indians, in particular, believe that spiced foods can purify the body and revitalize the mind. The reason for this is because Indian culture believes in Ayurveda, which places an emphasis on the importance of balancing the body’s elements. In traditional Indian cooking, vegetables are often cooked with dry red chili pepper, black salt, turmeric root powder, and ginger root powder in order to raise the body’s temperature and rid it of toxins.

Here are some of the health benefits you could derive by including common spices in your daily diet.

Here are some of the health benefits you could derive by including common spices in your daily diet.

  • Balances blood sugar – Spices can help people with high blood sugar. The use of cinnamon can help manage blood sugar levels in people suffering from type 2 diabetes. As a consequence, dried spices may also lower blood triglycerides and cholesterol levels. For people living with diabetes, who are more susceptible to heart disease, this is especially important.
  • Fights inflammation – Spices are good sources of antioxidants, which can reduce inflammation. Different spices and natural herbs are very effective at reducing inflammation due to their phytonutrient content, which is a natural anti-inflammatory agent. Turmeric powder, ginger, curry powder, oregano, cinnamon, and basil all contain compounds that are strong anti-inflammatory agents. Indian curry dishes use turmeric, which is best known for its anti-inflammatory properties. 
  • Good for the heart – Various studies have shown that spices are beneficial for heart health. These benefits include lowering blood pressure, reducing inflammation, and helping with weight management. In addition, spice powder has been shown to lower cholesterol levels and regulate blood sugar levels by increasing insulin production. In women, garlic consumption has been found to help keep blood vessels flexible. Furthermore, studies suggest that garlic consumption can lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
  • Aids in weight loss – Spices may cause your metabolic rate to increase, which in turn stimulates the burning of more calories. Additionally, spices may also improve digestion, which in turn leads to weight loss. Ginger, for instance, isn’t just flavorful; it’s also beneficial for digestion and for lowering blood sugar levels. According to recent research, spices like turmeric, cayenne pepper, and green pepper are capable of reducing body fat.

Top Spices from SITCO

Below is the wide range of spices SITCO supplies in the international market.

The seeds of the herb fennel are popular as fennel seeds. Cooking with fennel seeds has been traditional in Italy for centuries. However, these seeds are versatile and you can add to a wide variety of dishes. Fennel seeds are also used often in Indian and Middle Eastern cuisine. They are also used as a garnish on various dishes and drinks. The seeds are sweet and powerful in flavor, perfect to complement salads and sauces. A distinctive flavor is often added to Indian dishes using the seed pods. Adding fennel at the end of cooking or freshly ground is the best way to use it.

The spice cardamom comes in the form of a small pod containing black seeds. The flavor and aroma of cardamom are similar to those of mint due to its powerful, somewhat sweet flavor. Cardamom has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antioxidant properties. It comes in three types: green, white and black. The most common form is green cardamom. Using cardamom may prevent elevated cholesterol levels and high blood pressure. Additionally, it may help manage diabetes and reduce liver toxicity.

Spices like pepper are common throughout the world. This spice comes from ground dried peppercorns, which are the berries of the pepper plant. Peppers are also known as paprika or red peppers. Historically, pepper has been used by humans for thousands of years as a spice. Its aromatic and piquant flavor enhances many dishes.

You can use pepper either as a cooking ingredient or as a condiment to accompany their meal. In addition to its anti-inflammatory properties, black pepper reduces the severity of chronic pain, arthritis, and even osteoarthritis. Additionally, it can help with respiratory problems like asthma, bronchitis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Cumin is a herb most commonly found in East Asian, Middle Eastern, and Indian cuisines. These seeds have a nutlike flavor and aroma, so they are popular in Indian cuisine as a spice for chutneys, curries, and pickles. It has been used medicinally across many cultures since ancient times. The seeds contain antioxidants and stimulate bile production, which can aid digestion. In addition to its antifungal properties, cumin powder is also useful for treating fungal infections, Candida overgrowth, and other digestive problems.

In the past, cumin has been prescribed for respiratory issues like bronchitis and asthma. Studies suggest it has anti-inflammatory properties that may assist in treating arthritis symptoms such as stiffness and pain.

Cinnamon is an extremely popular spice throughout the world. It is popular for cooking. In ancient times, it was also prized for its medicinal properties. Cinnamon is available in a variety of forms, either powdered or whole barks. You can also use it as an essential oil. Cinnamon is popular among many cultures for its potential health benefits. In ancient civilizations, it is a spice and a preservative to preserve food, as well as a natural remedy for various ailments, such as sore throats and headaches. Research has shown that cinnamon powder has a wide range of health benefits including being an antioxidant, an anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, and an antimicrobial agent.

Cloves are a type of spice popular in many different parts of the world. Originating in Indonesia, cloves are now cultivated in numerous countries. The clove tree produces flower buds to dry and use as spices. People use cloves to flavor soups. There are many flavors in cloves that complement many types of food, making them ideal for use as a spice. The plant releases an aromatic oil called eugenol that is similar to peppermint oil and menthol oil. For this reason, cloves are popular in chicken dishes.

Cloves are popular in traditional medicine for thousands of years. Clove oil can help to treat skin infections, boils, ulcers, burns, abscesses, and burns in addition to using cloves as an antiseptic. Recently, researchers even suggest cloves for their beneficial role in cancer treatment.

The coriander plant belongs to the Apiaceae family. Seeds of coriander are popular both as spices and as medicines. The seeds also form the main part of Indian curry and Latin American dishes as well as Eastern European dishes. In India, it is known as Dhania. Formerly, coriander was popular for flavoring food, but now it is a great choice to make hot sauces and curry powders.

Coriander has antibacterial properties as well. Many spices and health supplements come from coriander seeds for centuries. This seed is a good source of iron, calcium, vitamin K, and vitamin C. Additionally, it contains many phytochemicals that have anti-oxidant, disease-preventing, and hormone-balancing effects. For children with asthma, coriander seeds can help protect against oxidative stress.

Indians and other Asian countries have used fenugreek for hundreds of years. You can use the spice in curry powders, pickles, and certain sweets. Apart from thickening and flavoring curries, you can eat them raw for improving digestion. You can also ground the seeds of the fenugreek plant into a powder or paste and use them in curry and sauces. In Indian cuisine, it is popular as a curry spice that makes vegetables, lentil soup, and curries more flavourful. The leaves as well as the twigs come in salads and curries.

In animal studies, fenugreek seed extract showed antioxidant activity and may be able to help reduce the risk of certain cancers, diabetes, obesity, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure. Also, fenugreek seeds can enhance blood circulation and lower cholesterol levels, which may help prevent heart disease.

Garlic is a popular medicinal plant since ancient times.  You can use it for cooking and also for flavoring. Garlic has a very strong flavor when used as a seasoning, but you can use it in larger quantities when cooked with other vegetables for its health benefits. Garlic belongs to the Allium family, which also includes onions, leeks, and scallions.

Anti-bacterial properties have made this plant popular among humans for many years. Additionally, garlic helps to recover from illness because it helps people regain their appetite. The flavor of garlic powder is similar to that of onions but sharper. Research has shown that garlic can lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels in high-risk heart conditions like high blood pressure and borderline diabetes.

Ginger has a powerful taste and aroma and belongs to the Zingiberaceae family. You can use it in cooking and traditional medicine. You can also use ginger in baking. There is mention of it in Ayurvedic texts, which are traditionally based on ancient Indian medicinal systems. In Ayurvedic medicine, ginger is an anti-inflammatory agent to treat migraines and arthritis.

Ginger aids digestion, sinus congestion, arthritis inflammation, nausea, and even morning sickness. Additionally, ginger pills can help with digestion problems such as ulcers and hemorrhoids. Ginger may also help with weight loss and lower cholesterol levels.

Licorice is from the roots of the licorice plant. It is one of the oldest herbal remedies in the world. Historically, licorice helps to treat sore throats, coughs, and to reduce inflammation. In addition, it aids in heartburn, ulcers, asthma, bronchitis, sinusitis, and other respiratory conditions. Several studies also prove licorice root’s ability to reduce blood pressure.

Several compounds found in licorice may provide antioxidative protective effects on cells and block oxidative damage resulting from free radicals. The flavor of licorice is great for many foods. It is an ingredient in licorice hard candy and licorice cough drops, for example, as well as in some flavors of beer.

You can find Nutmeg in many cuisines throughout the world as a spice. The spicy, slightly bitter taste of the spice makes it a popular addition to many dishes, and its versatility means that you can use it in both sweet and savory dishes. Nutmeg comes in two forms: whole and ground. In addition to the rich taste, nutmeg also has medicinal properties that are of importance. Leaf and other parts of the Nutmeg tree help in the extraction of essential oils, which are then used in medicinal treatment and rituals. You can extract essential oils from the leaves and other parts of the tree to treat chest congestion and headaches.

Mustard seeds come from the mustard plant. It is native to the Mediterranean region. Throughout history, mustard is popular across a wide range of cultures and traditions. The spice can aid to prepare salad dressings or as a pickling agent. Mustard uses vary from region to region, depending on culture and tradition. Historically, mustard is popular as a spread and herbal medicine for centuries.

As a traditional medicine, mustard helps to treat skin conditions, respiratory disorders, and other illnesses. In addition to joint pain and arthritis, it is also a folk remedy for heart disease, diabetes, sinusitis, and coughs. Mustard is traditionally popular not only for its taste but also for its antioxidant properties. Research suggests mustard can lower cardiovascular and cancer risks.

The sesame plant is native to tropical and subtropical regions, such as Asia, Africa, and South America. The oil from sesame is a popular choice in many cultures for thousands of years. Sesame oil and sesame paste comes from sesame seeds. You can consume sesame seeds simply, or add them to meals as an ingredient, or use them in cooking as an oil.

In addition to their nutritional value, sesame seeds are also beneficial to the human body. These seeds are rich in nutrients that can promote digestion, fatigue, diabetes, colds, constipation, and respiratory problems. Sesame seeds can also promote hair growth and moisturize dry skin as well. Additionally, you can use it to treat skin conditions such as acne and eczema, as well as to relieve various scalp disorders.

The red chilli has is popular across cultures and is available in a wide range of cuisines. Dried and fresh are the two main types. You can eat fresh peppers as is or cook with other ingredients. When you dry the peppers at low temperatures you can preserve the flavour and color. India is a major producer of red chillies, which are used whole or powdered. Paprika is a dried red pepper that is also known as paprika powder, paprika, or chili powder. You can also powder it or use it as a whole in dishes.  Due to its high content of capsaicin, it has a spicy taste.

Star anise is a spice with a sweet and strong flavor. It is popular in Asian cooking, as well as in stews and soups in other countries. Its flavor makes it a common culinary ingredient. It is also great to treat ailments. The five-spice powder is a flavoring in Chinese cuisine. Medicinal benefits of star anise have been studied for centuries. It is great for ailments such as digestive problems and colds. You can consume it after a meal to reduce feelings of nausea or heartburn.


For a long time, spices have played a vital role in Indian cuisine. They are among the most valuable food items domestically and internationally. Spice is a major export of Indian cuisine and the country has been exporting spices for centuries. In addition to flavoring food, spices are a great choice for religious rites, medicine, etc. If you are looking for a reliable spice exporter from India, get in touch with SITCO today!

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What are the 10 spices?

Cardamom, Chilli, Cloves, Cumin, Ginger, Coriander, Mustard Seeds, Fenugreek

2. What are the 7 Indian spices?

The seven popular Indian spices are cumin, coriander, clove, cinnamon, fenugreek, turmeric, and cardamom.

3. What are the major spices?

Cardamom, Cinnamon, Coriander, Cloves, Anise, Fennel Seed, Mace, Paprika, Nutmeg, Ginger, and Turmeric.

4. What gives spices their flavor?

Spices come in a variety of flavors and properties. Cinnamon and cloves, for example, produce a sweet flavor, while black pepper and red chilies, on the other hand, and provide a more pungent flavor. The flavor in spices is largely from the oils of the plants. You can release their oils by grinding the spices yourself, so this is a great way to make the most of your spices. Some of these flavors are apparent in fresh spices, while others change or do not develop their true flavor until dried. 

5. What are the sweetest spices?

Cinnamon ranks first among sweet spices. Other spices in this list include nutmeg, allspice, star anise, fennel, and green cardamom.